On 17 May 2013, the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) presented the results of its survey into experiences of hate crime and discrimination by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. The EU LGBT survey was conducted online in the 27 European Union (EU) Member States and Croatia between April and July 2012. This survey is the largest of its kind to date and has resulted in the most wide-ranging and comprehensive picture available of the lived experience of LGBT persons residing in the EU and Croatia. The data are not representative of all LGBT persons living in the 28 countries covered by the survey but reﬂect the collective experiences of the very large number of individuals who completed the questionnaire.
The survey collected information from 93,079 persons aged 18 years or over who identiﬁed as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, and who live in the EU or Croatia. The questions covered their experiences of discrimination, violence and harassment and other key issues related to the life of LGBT persons in the EU. A specific set of question in dedicated to the experiences of transgender people.
PDF – Factsheet – LGBT persons’ experiences of discrimination and hate crime in the EU and Croatia (2013) (other languages available here)
An interactive data explorer is also available for comparative analysis: the EU LGBT survey data explorer to view all survey responses
Another key resource on fundamental rights of LGBT people in EU are the synthesis report of 2010 that builds on previous FRA legal and social research from 2008 and 2009, enabling, for the first time, a review of legal trends. Its findings show that although the EU and Member States have made significant progress towards the realization of equality that progress is occurring at a variety of speeds, resulting in an uneven and uncoordinated response to discrimination in areas including protection from abuse and violence or freedom of assembly. The report also explores possible options for Member States to combat discrimination moving forward, such as targeted data collection or the promotion of even-handed debates.
The 2008 and 2009 legal and social report were the first EU-wide studies of instances of human rights violation of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons. The studies provide the public with valuable information on the legal framework and the social situation in which discrimination, exclusion and human rights violations take place. The studies also highlighted a number of good practices and presented the Agency’s opinions on a number of key issues.
PDF – Factsheet – Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) rights in the European Union (2010) (other languages available here)
PDF – Report – Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II – The Social Situation (2009) (translations available here)